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Google Won Case Versus Oracle

Posted In: . By Kirhat

Google vs Oracle
The court has ruled that Google did not in any way violate Oracle’s intellectual property rights when it started to build its Android mobile operating system a little over a decade ago. The decision to let Google off the hook in a lawsuit that started back in 2010 was delivered by a jury of 10 in San Francisco last 26 May; Oracle is expected to appeal.

At the center of the highly technical case was the question whether Google was allowed to use Java technology owned by Oracle to build Android.

Google maintained that its use of Java was protected by fair use rights because it used what is known in the industry as a clean room engineering — a principle also familiar to anyone who has ever watched AMC's "Halt and Catch Fire." Instead of just copying lines of code, Google's engineers wrote new code that did exactly the same as Oracle's code.

However, Oracle's lawyers had maintained that Google had illegally copied Java technology. Jurors didn't agree, finding that Google's Java implementation was indeed fair use.

Oracle vowed to appeal the verdict. A win could have led to substantial damages for the company. Early on in the case, Oracle estimated that Google owed it as much as US$ 9 billion.


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Amazon Refund Policy
Amazon provides convenience to shoppers and allow them to save money on certain items. However, there was one report that suggests the site is cracking down on one trick shoppers had used to save cash, even after the purchase was over.

According to Recode, if a shopper bought an item on Amazon, and then the price dropped within seven days, they used to be able to contact customer service and get a partial refund for the amount the price fell. But apparently, that strategy no longer works, unless they are buying a television.

A spokesperson for Amazon told Yahoo! Style that the refund policy was always limited to televisions, and that anyone else who received a partial refund was given an exception to the rule.

However, a quick test shows that Amazon isn't granting those exceptions anymore. Customers on Reddit noticed the change and complained that customer service reps are now claiming the "exception" never existed in the first place, even though they successfully got refunds all the time.

Amazon's website now reads:
"Amazon.com consistently works toward maintaining competitive prices on everything we carry and will match the price of other retailers for some items. Amazon.com will price match eligible purchases of televisions with select other retailers. For all other items, Amazon.com doesn't offer price matching."
The change might be because there are apps out there like Earny and Paribus that alert shoppers if a price has dropped and automatically request refunds on Amazon. But in order to use these apps, shoppers have to hand over their Amazon login information, which Amazon discourages for security reasons.

According to PC Magazine, Amazon's supposed policy change will definitely hurt apps like Earny and Paribus, since more than half their users request refunds on Amazon, but if they are interested in getting refunds elsewhere, these apps are still good bets.


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Beauty and the Beast
The first trailer for Disney's live-action "Beauty and the Beast" movie, which stars Emma Watson and Dan Stevens, was finally released.

The first teaser trailer for the movie, which runs just under two minutes in length, doesn't give away too much, but does set the mood. Fans of the original animated classic from 1991 — the first Disney animated film to be nominated for Best Picture at the Oscars — will be pleased to see the mansion from the film in all of its enchanting glory.

The movie follows Belle, played by Watson, as she enters a strange residence occupied by a ghastly beast. The two spend time together and — with some help from the various household objects that come to life —eventually fall in love with one another.

The film stars Stevens ("The Guest") as the misunderstood Beast, alongside A-list actors like Emma Thompson, Ian McKellan, Ewan McGregor, Kevin Kline and GuGu Mbatha-Raw.

"Beauty and the Beast," directed by Bill Condon ("The Fifth Estate"), hits theaters 17 March 2017.


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Hacked Bank
The global banking industry is facing increasing cyber threat each year. The latest assault started last October 2015 and carried out by a very sophisticated group known as "Lazarus," according to the latest report from cybersecurity firm Symantec.

In recent months, computer hackers have been able to gain a dangerous level of access SWIFT, the worldwide interbank communication network that settles transactions. The last one netted the attackers US$101 million from the central bank of Bangladesh, followed by similar attempts to private banks in Ecuador and Vietnam.

Last 26 May, Symantec revealed that it found evidence hackers used the same computer virus to slip into a bank in the Philippines. Symantec did not name the bank.

Hackers infected desktop computers at the bank, said Eric Chien, technical director of Symantec Security Response. But researchers still aren't sure how hackers slipped in - or if they moved any money.

Symantec researchers say the attack on the Filipino bank happened in October - two months before the attack on Vietnam's Tien Phong Bank, which had been the earliest known attack by these hackers.

The researchers closely examined the computer virus used to attack the bank in Philippines. They found that its complex code shared distinct properties - like specific instructions written in the same words - as the malicious code used to attack Bangladesh Bank.

These particular computer code weapon has been traced to a group that researchers worldwide have nicknamed "Lazarus." It is unclear who they are, there are clues.

The "Lazarus" group of hackers attacked American and South Korean government, finance and media websites in 2009. Cybersecurity firm Novetta carefully documented how "Lazarus" hacked Sony Pictures in 2014, stealing data and destroying computers at the Hollywood movie studio. The U.S. government blamed that hack on the military government of North Korea.

Symantec is now the second highly-respected, major cybersecurity company to link this string of bank hacks to the infamous Sony hack. Two weeks ago, British defense contractor BAE Systems did the same.

There is now widespread industry concern that it's too easy for hackers to attack the global financial system. A few days ago, SWIFT CEO Gottfried Leibbrandt acknowledged that hackers are in a position to bring down banks.

Experts doubt these hackers will be identified - or face any prison time. Computer networks provide them anonymity, and if they're operating in hacker-friendly nations like Russia, they remain outside of law enforcement's grasp.


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FBs Trending Topic List
After several conservatives blasted Facebook for its alleged bias towards liberal topics in its trending page, the social networking site is making several changes, the general counsel announced in a newsroom post last 24 May.

Facebook launched an investigation earlier this month after tech website Gizmodo cited an anonymous source who said the social network's "news curators" were instructed to artificially "inject" selected stories into Facebook's "Trending Topics" list.

Desktop users can see trending topics in the upper right side of their Facebook newsfeed. On the app, trending topics are visible after a user taps the search bar.

Colin Stretch, Facebook's general counsel, outlined in a newsroom post several changes the social network plans to implement, including no longer relying on a select list of news outlets and websites as a way to automatically nominate topics for the trending feature.

As a result, a "Media 1K" list of feeds, which were used with an algorithm to surface potential trending topics, will be eliminated, along with the ability to add an "importance level" to a topic based on its prominence in a top-ten list of media sources, according to Stretch.

Facebook is also planning refresher training for all reviewers and pledged to add more information in its help center about how the Trending Topics feature is populated.

"These improvements and safeguards are designed not only to ensure that Facebook remains a platform that is open and welcoming to all groups and individuals, but also to restore any loss of trust in the Trending Topics feature," Stretch said.

Facebook's investigation was not able to discount the possibility of an individual straying from the policies or the potential for "unintentional bias in the implementation of our guidelines or policies," Stretch noted.

Along with the investigation, CEO Mark Zuckerberg welcomed leading conservatives to Facebook's campus a few days ago for a discussion about ensuring the social network remains an open platform to all ideas.

"Our community's success depends on everyone feeling comfortable sharing anything they want," Zuckerberg wrote in a Facebook post. "It doesn't make sense for our mission or our business to suppress political content or prevent anyone from seeing what matters most to them."


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